CARDS – Choreographic research project

The acronym CARDS stands for Choreography (for) Autonomous Robotic Dance Synchronization. It represents the scientific level of U&I Robotic Dance, the Robot FlashMob project developped by TeeKay in 2019.
It was presented at the German AI Coference in Kassel. Heise-Online published an article (in German) about the concept. Due to Corona the flashmob received its premiere as an Online version at the International STEM Awards in Milano on May 23rd. 2020.

Some of the participating Robots for theCorona Online Edition

What is “choreography”?

The Greek word “choreography” originally developped in theatre. It usually refers to the invention of a series of movements for dancers. Movement authors are called choreographers.
In the twentieth century its importance for any kind of synchronized movement was expanded, for example for the fans’ barriers in football stadiums.
In general, it is the “coordination of movements of objects in space,” in which the objects can move synchronously or in increments of many degrees of freedom increasingly autonomous and independent of each other.


Synchronized processes are also part of the biological and technical area
In dance, it is usually the music that gives clues to the work. A criterion for a good choreography is therefore the musicality of the movement and the conscious choice of the music – which piece I choose for which action.

AI as the basis for the analysis of dance video

Over the past 10 years, many art-inspired AI projects have been developed. These projects focused mainly on 2-D painting and music for two reasons:
1. The computing power was not strong enough to analyze complex movements
2. The iconographic and memetic value of the famous painting made these projects accessible to a wider audience


New computing power and advanced technologies now enable the analysis of video-recorded human motion.

A robot at Hannover Industrial Fair playing ping-pong thanks to an integrated AI


Extraction of choreographic patterns from videos

In a second phase of the project a complex AI will extract movement patterns from several famous choreographies. These include Michael Jackson’s “Thriller” as well as the so called “White acts” of Swan Lake, where the breathtaking unison of the movements of the 32 dancers is part of the perfection.
Ethnic and folkloric dances from all over the world should also be captured by the extraction algorithm.

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